Community and Games Quizzes

50/50 Quiz: Friday 19th February 2021

#1. This premiereship soccer team plays in the heart of London. The color of its home jersey and shorts is dark blue, and the socks' color is white. Which team is it?

Chelsea play at Stamford Bridge in London. They play in dark blue kit and white socks

#2. Which of these countries has exactly three land borders?

Mexico shares land borders with the U.S., Guatemala and Belize, and has a total area of 1,972,550 km2. Argentina has borders with 5 countries Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay and Paraguay with a total land area of 2,780,400 km2

#3. Who is John E. Walker?

Sir John Ernest Walker is a British chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. As of 2015 Walker is Emeritus Director and Professor at the MRC Mitochondrial Biology Unit in Cambridge, and a Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge.

#4. Sodium lithium boron silicate hydroxide- Before it was discovered in a Serbian mine, the only references to this mineral could be found wher

Chris Stanley, a minerologist at London’s Natural History Museum, was puzzled when mining Group Rio Tinto brought him an unusual specimen, Jadarite. Discovered in a mine near Jadar, Serbia, the mineral had a known chemical formula—sodium lithium boron silicate hydroxide. Using his own expertise and specialized resources, Stanley was unable to identify the mineral. Finally, he did what the rest of us would have done at the start—he searched for the formula on the Internet. And got lots of hits. It turns out that this mineral had already been described—in Superman comic books and movies. The formula is an exact match for Kryptonite, the fictional mineral. Kryptonite, according to DC Comics, was created when the planet Krypton blew up. Stanley explains

#5. What part of the eye causes an animal's eyes to "glow" when a light is shined into them at night?

The choroid layer of the retina is the part that actually reflects light in many animals like cats and dogs. The human choroid layer absorbs light unless it is “overloaded” as in a photographic flash. This is what causes “redeye” in photographs.

#6. In the heart, where do the electrical impulses controlling the beat originate?

An electrical stimulus is generated by the sinus node (also called the sinoatrial node, or SA node). This is a small mass of specialized tissue located in the right upper chamber (atria) of the heart. The sinus node generates an electrical stimulus regularly, 60 to 100 times per minute under normal conditions.

#7. What does D.O.M. on a bottle of Benedictine liqueur mean?

In 1863 Alexandre Le Grand developed a recipe for an herbal liqueur, helped by a local chemist, from old medicinal recipes that he had acquired from a religious foundation where a maternal grandparent had held office as a fiscal prosecutor. To market it, he embellished a story of it having been developed by monks at the Benedictine Abbey of Fécamp in Normandy, and produced by them until the abbey’s devastation during the French Revolution. He began production under the trade name “Bénédictine”, using a bottle with a distinguishing shape and label. To reinforce his myth, he placed the abbreviation “D.O.M.” on the label, for “Deo Optimo Maximo” (“To God, most good, most great”), used at the beginning of documents by the Benedictine Order to dedicate their work.

#8. Among these continents, which one has the highest mountain?

Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania is the highest mountain in Africa with a summit elevation of 5,895 meters (19,341 ft). Mount Vinson is the tallest mountain in Antarctica.  The mountain lies within the Sentinel Range of the Ellsworth Mountains and has a summit elevation of 4,892 meters (16,050 ft).

#9. Who was the original lead singer in the rock band Pink floyd?

Roger Keith “Syd” Barrett (6 January 1946 – 7 July 2006) was an English singer, songwriter, musician and painter who co-founded the rock band Pink Floyd in 1965. Barrett named the group and was their original frontman and primary songwriter, becoming known for his English-accented singing, literary influences, and whimsical take on psychedelia. As a guitarist, he was influential for his free-form playing and for employing dissonance, distortion, echo, feedback, and other studio effects.

#10. Unlike thoroughbred races, which are run at various distances, almost all harness races in the USA are contested over what distance?

Though the vast majority of races are one mile, races are contested on several different size tracks. The most common are 1/2 mile, 5/8 mile, and 1 mile tracks. Certain horses are better on the smaller tracks and others are better on the 1 mile tracks because there are fewer turns. Also, on the shorter tracks early speed is important, while the longer stretch run of a mile track favors horses with late speed for come-from-behind wins.

#11. What river forms part of the boundary between China and North Korea?

The Yalu River, also called by Koreans the Amrok River or Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea and China. Together with the Tumen River to its east, and a small portion of Paektu Mountain, the Yalu forms the border between North Korea and China.

#12. Who was the first actor to play The Phantom in Andrew Lloyd Webber's 'The Phantom of the Opera' on the West End?

Michael Crawford played the Phantom first in Her Majesty’s Theatre in London’s West End and then when it opened in New York. Sarah Brightman played Christine on both of these occasions too.

#13. The soundtrack to the Lord of the Rings film trilogy has been deemed the best of all time, who is the composer?

Howard Leslie Shore (born October 18, 1946) is a Canadian composer and conductor noted for his film scores. He has composed the scores for over 80 films, most notably the scores for The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit film trilogies. He won three Academy Awards for his work on The Lord of the Rings, with one being for the song “Into the West”.

#14. Which hotel group, founded in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in 1909 is named after a 17th century French explorer with the forenames Pierre-Esprit?

The company Radisson Hotels is a major player in the hospitality world, with well over 400 hotels, and though the majority are in the USA they are a global brand with outlets in any number of countries worldwide. Outside of the states the brand name is known as Radisson Bleu. The chain of hotels are named after the intrepid Avignon born French explorer Pierre-Esprit Radisson (1636-1710), who lived a life of adventure in Europe and North America. In the 1941 movie “Hudson’s Bay”, Radisson was played by Paul Muni, one of the most dashing actors of the era.

#15. Which club was the first from London to win the UEFA Champions League?

Chelsea FC became the first London club to ever win the Champions League when they beat Bayern Munich 4-3 in a penalty shoot-out at the 2012 final (the game finished 1-1 aet).

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