#1. Four European countries keep Greenwich Mean Time. The UK, Ireland, Iceland and which other?
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London, reckoned from midnight. At different times in the past, it has been calculated in different ways, including being calculated from noon; as a consequence, it cannot be used to specify a precise time unless a context is given.
#2. In which Middle Eastern country is the site of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon understood to have been?
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World listed by Hellenic culture. They were described as a remarkable feat of engineering with an ascending series of tiered gardens containing a wide variety of trees, shrubs, and vines, resembling a large green mountain constructed of mud bricks. It was said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon, near present-day Hillah, Babil province, in Iraq. The Hanging Gardens’ name is derived from the Greek word kremastós (κρεμαστός, lit. ‘overhanging’), which has a broader meaning than the modern English word “hanging” and refers to trees being planted on a raised structure such as a terrace
#3. What is the medical term for the cartilage in the nose which separates the nostrils?
The septum is the bone and cartilage that separates the right and left sides of the nasal cavity.
#4. In Indonesian cookery what name is given to meat kebabs served with a peanut sauce?
Popular throughout Southeast Asia and Indonesia, satay is strips of skewered, grilled meat eaten with a fragrant dipping sauce.
#5. Who recently became the world's richest person for the first time as his net wealth crossed $185bn, surpassing Jeff Bezos?
Tesla’s share price rose to more than $880 in January, making Elon Musk the world’s richest person with a net worth of $195 billion, beating out Jeff Bezos by about $10 billion.
#6. Which name is shared by a Saint that killed a dragon and the middle name of author H.G. Wells?
The story goes that St George rode into Silene (modern day Libya) to free the city from a dragon who had a taste for humans, but it’s a story which post-dates the real George by several centuries. Images of George and the dragon survive from the 9th century – 500 years after his death. Originally these may simply have been representations of the battle between Good and Evil. But the story was developed and popularised in the Middle Ages in a compendium of stories about saints’ lives, The Golden Legend.
#7. What was the name of Milla Jovovich's character in the 1997 Luc Besson film 'The Fifth Element'?
Jovovich returned to acting in 1997 with a lead role in the French science fiction action film The Fifth Element, alongside Bruce Wilis and Gary Oldman. This was written and directed by Luc Besson. She portrayed Leeloo, an alien who helps to save the planet.
#8. The ore bauxite is the chief commercial source of which element?
Bauxite ore is the world’s primary source of aluminum. The ore must first be chemically processed to produce alumina (aluminum oxide). Alumina is then smelted using an electrolysis process to produce pure aluminum metal. Bauxite is typically found in topsoil located in various tropical and subtropical regions
#9. An earthquake of magnitude 6.4 shook the city of Petrinja and caused 7 deaths in which country?
At least seven people were killed, dozens were wounded and several towns in central Croatia were left in ruins after a powerful 6.4-magnitude earthquake struck on 29th December 2020, according to the U.S. Geological Survey and Croatian officials.
#10. Also called sallow and osier, the wood of which type of tree is used to make cricket bats?
The bat is traditionally made from willow wood, specifically from a variety of white willow called cricket bat willow, treated with raw (unboiled) linseed oil, which has a protective function. This variety of willow is used as it is very tough and shock-resistant, not being significantly dented nor splintering on the impact of a cricket ball at high speed, while also being light in weight. The face of the bat is often covered with a protective film by the user.
#11. The second boxer to beat Muhammad Ali, who assumed his heavyweight title in 1978?
Spinks, the 10-1 underdog, defeated Ali, making him the newest heavyweight champion. With only seven professional bouts on his résumé, Spinks became the only the second man to defeat Ali in a title match.
#12. "I shall please" is the Latin translation of what medical treatment?
The word “placebo” is Latin for “I shall please.” In medieval times it was the first word of (and name for) a prayer chanted over the dead, and became a derogatory name for the mourners who were hired to do the chanting. By the 18th century, “placebo” was a term for any commonplace medical remedy. By the early 19th century, a medical dictionary defined the word as “any medicine adopted more to please than benefit the patient.”
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