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Daily Quiz: Tuesday 11th May 2021 : General Knowledge

#1. Which similar sounding first name links Wolf Hall (and Henry VIII) with an unsuccessful US presidential candidate and a very expensive baby (a million dollars worth!)?

“Wolf Hall”, published in 2009 is a historical novel that was written by Hilary (one ‘L’) Mantel. It is a fictionalised account of Thomas Cromwell’s rise to favour in the court of King Henry VIII. The book was the first in the series for Mantel and it earned her the Man Booker Prize.

Hillary (two ‘L’s) Clinton won the US Democratic Party’s nomination for President in 2016. In doing so she became the first woman to be nominated by a major party to be the President of the United States. She would win the popular vote but fail to win the Electoral College.

Hilary (one ‘L’) Swank is an American actress who won her first Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in the 1999 film “Boys Don’t Cry”. Her continued star performances saw her land the prize role of female boxer “Maggie” Fitzgerald in Clint Eastwood’s 2005 film “Million Dollar Baby”, a role in which she earned her second acting Oscar.

#2. Which of the following four cattle breeds is more likely to be used for your steak rather than producing your cheese?

Jerseys, Holsteins and Brown Swiss are known dairy cattle breeds. The Jersey is a British breed from Jersey in the Channel Islands, producing milk high in butterfat. Holstein Friesians originate from the Netherlands’ provinces of North Holland and Friesland plus the North German province of Schleswig-Holstein and are known for their high rate of dairy production. The Brown Swiss (also American Brown Swiss) is an American dairy breed.

Herefords are British beef cattle from Herefordshire in England’s West Midlands. In countries with significant beef production, Herefords make up the highest proportion of registered cattle. These animals are hardy and thrive in harsh conditions. There is also a hornless variant, known as a Polled Hereford.

#3. All of these European countries start with "L", but which one has a capital sitting astride the Neris River?

All of these small European countries have capitals built around rivers, with Riga, Latvia being on the Baltic Sea coast as well with the main city centre being divided by the majestic Daugava River. Its neighbour, Lithuania, has its capital, Vilnius, much further inland where the Neris River curls through the city, requiring many bridges. Some of the more famous ones are the Zirmnai, King Mindaugas and Green Bridges. Vaduz is Liechtenstein’s capital and this tiny capital in a tiny country is jammed into a narrow valley with the Danube River at its western boundary and the Alps rising sharply to the east. Two bridges that cross the Danube into Switzerland are covered bridges. Luxembourg, the capital rather than the country, is built around deep but narrow gorges made by the narrow Alzette and Pétrusse rivers.

#4. What descriptor would you apply to your hobby if it involved chill haze, DMS (dimethyl sulfide), IBUs and mash?

Chill haze is an undesirable (but non-harmful) visual effect that occurs when components of beer clump together and create a cloudy appearance. This can occur when beer is chilled to near freezing.

At low levels, dimethyl sulfide can create a somewhat favorable sweet aroma in beer. At higher levels, the aroma and taste is that of cooked vegetables. It is highly flammable, and a skin and eye irritant.

The IBU (International Bittering Unit) scale is a measurement of the bitterness in beer. Bitterness in beer is attributed to its hops content. At the low end of the scale (under 30 IBUs) are wheat beers and American lagers while stouts and pale ales occupy the high end (30 IBUs).

Mash is the mixture of crushed grains and water that is eventually fermented to produce alcohol.

#5. Rumbling sounds from your stomach can be funny or perhaps embarrassing depending on your location and company! What is the technical term for these audible emanations which may indicate hunger or indigestion?

A stomach rumble, or borborygmus (plural borborygmi), is typically the result of fluid, gas, or air passing through the gastrointestinal system via peristalsis (muscular contractions) or of air moving around the cavernous space of an empty stomach. Various digestive diseases may result in increased intestinal gas and excessive abdominal noise. The word derives from the Greek ‘borborygmos’, which was likely onomatopoeic in origin.

‘Ozostomia’ is another technical term for bad breath or halitosis. ‘Eructation’ is the medical term for belching.

While writing this questions, Quiz master paused to answer the mad ravings of his unsatisfied stomach 😀

#6. In which sport, also conducted at the Olympic Games, can the winner of one event receive an uneven block of road paving and be extremely delighted with this?

The cycle race known as the Paris – Roubaix is one of the oldest of its type, first held in 1896. Roubaix is a village in northern France, not far from the Belgian border. The name has become a bit of a misnomer, as it usually does not start in Paris any more. The highlight of each race is the cobblestones, which are very hard on both bike and rider, and riders use specially modified cycles. The distance of each race varies, but is about 250km, with roughly (pun intended) 60km of bone-jarring cobbles.

The winner’s prize includes a mounted paving stone, probably the only piece of rock that the exhausted cyclist would be happy to see!

#7. Which actress was wanting to leave the TV show she was in after one season, but was persuaded to stay on by Martin Luther King Jr.? This actress is noted for an on-screen fi

After the first season of “Star Trek” (1966-67) Nichols, who’d played the linguistics and cryptography expert Nyota Uhura on the USS Enterprise, was looking to move on. Despite the fact that she held a prominent role on a major television series, she was tempted by the brighter lights and opportunities of Broadway. She recalled in an interview with Alex Strachan in 2010 that, soon after the first season, she was at a fundraiser at the NAACP where she met Dr. Martin Luther King, who’d professed to her his love of the television show and declared that it was the only programme that he allowed his three children to watch. When she mentioned that she was thinking of leaving the show he simply said “You can’t. You’re a part of history”. His implication was that she was a presence for her race and a role model for them to aspire to.

Two seasons later, in the episode “Plato’s Children”, Uhura would kiss Captain Kirk (William Shatner), which has been cited as the first inter-racial kiss on scripted US television.

#8. What is the name of the wrestling hold that involves hooking your leg around the opposite leg of your opponent (from behind), trapping one arm with one of yours and hooking your other leg over the opponents neck, thereby placing all your weight on the opponent? It is a submission hold although it seems numerically unlikely!

This is a move that has been around since the 1970s where it was used extensively by WWE Hall of Fame inductee Antonio Inoki. It also goes by the names of the “Octopus Stretch”, “Manji-gatame” and the “Japanese Twist”. Canadian wrestler Gail Kim uses the move but has christened it “The Christo” and Divas Champion A.J. Lee calls her version of the move the “Black Widow”. Katsuyori Shibata and Zack Sabre Jr., both use the move as their finisher.

#9. Which 1996 movie featured an Academy Award-winning performance by an actress playing Police Chief Marge Gunderson?

Frances McDormand snagged her first Academy Award for Best Actress for her role as Marge Gunderson in “Fargo”, which was directed by McDormand’s husband, Joel Coen (along with Joel’s brother Ethan). Marge Gunderson is the Chief of Police of Brainerd, Minnesota, and was the main protagonist in the film. Marge approached her police work politely, without any hostility, investigating a triple homicide in her snowy environs while she was six months pregnant. Frances McDormand wore a “pregnancy pillow” stuffed with birdseed to simulate the pregnancy.

#10. Which surah (chapter) of the Quran is used as the traditional opening for Islamic prayers?

The first surah of the Quran contains seven ayah (verses) which pray for the guidance, lordship and mercy of God.

“The Noble Qur’an” (2020) is a translation of the Quran by Muhammad Muhsin Khan and Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali. In this interpretation, the first surah reads:
1 In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
2 All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
3 The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
4 The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)
5 You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).
6 Guide us to the Straight Way
7 The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not of those who earned Your Anger, nor of those who went astray.

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