#1. Which fruit is a cross between a blackberry and a red raspberry, and named after a river in Scotland?
The tayberry is a cultivated patented in 1979 as a cross between a blackberry and a red raspberry, and named after the River Tay in Scotland. The fruit is sweeter, much larger, and more aromatic than that of the loganberry, itself a blackberry and red raspberry cross. The tayberry is grown for its edible fruits which can be eaten raw or cooked, but the fruit do not pick easily by hand and cannot be machine harvested, so they have not become a commercially grown berry crop. As a domestic crop, this plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.
#2. Used in the making of Calvados, which fruit has the scientific name of malus pumila?
Though the forbidden fruit of Eden in the Book of Genesis is not identified, popular Christian tradition has held that it was an apple that Eve coaxed Adam to share with her. The origin of the popular identification with a fruit unknown in the Middle East in biblical times is found in confusion between the Latin words mālum (an apple) and mălum (an evil), each of which is normally written malum. The tree of the forbidden fruit is called “the tree of the knowledge of good and evil” in Genesis 2:17, and the Latin for “good and evil” is bonum et malum.
The proverb, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”, addressing the supposed health benefits of the fruit, has been traced to 19th-century Wales, where the original phrase was “Eat an apple on going to bed, and you’ll keep the doctor from earning his bread”. In the 19th century and early 20th, the phrase evolved to “an apple a day, no doctor to pay” and “an apple a day sends the doctor away”; the phrasing now commonly used was first recorded in 1922. Despite the proverb, there is no evidence that eating an apple daily has any significant health effects.
#3. What spiny fruit with a pungent odor and rich yellow flesh is considered "The King of Fruits" by many Southeast Asians?
Durian is a unique tropical fruit. It’s popular in Southeast Asia, where it’s nicknamed “the king of fruits.” Durian is very high in nutrients, containing more than most other fruits.
Some people regard the durian as having a pleasantly sweet fragrance, whereas others find the aroma overpowering with an unpleasant odour. The smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust, and has been described variously as rotten onions, turpentine, and raw sewage. The persistence of its odour, which may linger for several days, led certain hotels and public transportation services in Southeast Asia to ban the fruit. However, the nineteenth-century British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace described its flesh as “a rich custard highly flavoured with almonds”. The flesh can be consumed at various stages of ripeness, and it is used to flavour a wide variety of savoury and sweet desserts in Southeast Asian cuisines. The seeds can also be eaten when cooked.
#4. The favourite drink of the fictional detective Hercule Poirot, what fruit is used in making 'Creme de Cassis'?
Crème de cassis (pronounced [kʁɛm də ka’sis]) (also known as Cassis liqueur) is a sweet, dark red liqueur made from blackcurrants. Several cocktails are made with crème de cassis, including the very popular wine cocktail, kir.
It is made from blackcurrants that are crushed and soaked in alcohol, with sugar subsequently added.
#5. Round, yellow-red stoned, and about the size of an apple, what smooth skinned fruit is a cross between a peach and a plum?
Nectarine, (Prunus persica), smooth-skinned peach of the family Rosaceae that is grown throughout the warmer temperate regions of both the Northern and Southern hemispheres. A genetic variant of common peaches, the nectarine was most likely domesticated in China more than 4,000 years ago, and nectarine and peach trees are virtually indistinguishable.
It’s no wonder we get these two summer fruits confused — they’re almost identical genetically. The main difference between the two is peaches have a fuzzy coating, while nectarines are completely smooth without any coating. This difference is due to a gene variant between the two fruits.
#6. Kumquat, Pomelo, and Ugli all belong to what genus of flowering trees and shrubs?
Citrus plants are native to subtropical and tropical regions of Asia, Island Southeast Asia, Near Oceania, and northeastern Australia. Domestication of citrus species involved much hybridization and introgression, leaving much uncertainty about when and where domestication first happened. Kumquats are tiny citrus fruits that taste like an orange with bit of sourness but are about the size of a large olive or grape.
#7. The carambola is a sweet and sour fruit native to tropical Southeast Asia, what is it better known as?
Carambola, also known as star fruit or starfruit, is the fruit of Averrhoa carambola, a species of tree native to tropical Southeast Asia. The fruit is commonly consumed in parts of Brazil, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the South Pacific, Micronesia, parts of East Asia, the United States, and the Caribbean. The tree is cultivated throughout tropical areas of the world.
#8. Which fruit is a citrus hybrid originating in Barbados as an accidental cross between the sweet orange and the pomelo?
Grapefruit is a citrus hybrid originating in Barbados as an accidental cross between the sweet orange (C. sinensis) and the pomelo or shaddock (C. maxima), both of which were introduced from Asia in the 17th century. When found, it was called the forbidden fruit. In the past it was referred to as the pomelo, but that term is now the common name for Citrus maxima.
#9. Growing on thorny bushes, what red/pink Summer fruit has a high quercetin content which may help relieve hayfever?
The raspberry is the edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus of the rose family, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatus. The name also applies to these plants themselves. Raspberries are perennial with woody stems.