#1. Often served with fried fish, which sauce is made with mayonnaise and chopped pickled gherkin?
Tartar sauce (French: sauce tartare; also spelled Tartare sauce in the UK, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and other parts of the Commonwealth) is a condiment made of mayonnaise, chopped pickles, capers and herbs such as tarragon and dill. Tartar sauce can also be enhanced with the addition other varieties of herbs, lemon juice, or olives. The word Tartar is a Turkic word that is the name of Tatar people.
#2. What drink is made from espresso coffee, steamed milk and chocolate?
A café mocha is a variant of a caffè latte. Like a latte, it is typically one third espresso and two thirds steamed milk, but a portion of chocolate is added, typically in the form of a chocolate syrup, although other vending systems use instant chocolate powder. Mochas can contain dark or milk chocolate. The term moccaccino is used in some regions of Europe and the Middle East to describe caffè latte with cocoa or chocolate. In the U.S. it usually refers to a cappuccino made with chocolate.
#3. What is the name of a hairstyle in which the head is shaved except for a central strip?
The mohawk (also referred to as a Mohican) is a hairstyle in which, in the most common variety, both sides of the head are shaven, leaving a strip of noticeably longer hair in the center. It is today worn as an emblem of non-conformity. The mohawk is also sometimes referred to as an iro in reference to the Iroquois (who include the Mohawk people), from whom the hairstyle is supposedly derived – though historically the hair was plucked out rather than shaved. Additionally, hairstyles bearing these names more closely resemble those worn by the Pawnee, rather than the Mohawk, Mohicans, Mohegan, or other groups whose names are phonetically similar.
#4. What name is given to the diagram in which sets are represented by circles?
A Venn diagram is a widely-used diagram style that shows the logical relation between sets, popularised by John Venn in the 1880s. The diagrams are used to teach elementary set theory, and to illustrate simple set relationships in probability, logic, statistics, linguistics and computer science. A Venn diagram uses closed curves drawn on a plane to represent sets. Very often, these curves are circles or ellipses. Similar ideas had been proposed before Venn. Christian Weise in 1712 (Nucleus Logicoe Wiesianoe) and Leonhard Euler (Letters to a German Princess) in 1768, for instance, came up with similar ideas. The idea was popularised by Venn in Symbolic Logic, Chapter V “Diagrammatic Representation”, 1881.
#5. The eight vertical rows of a chessboard are called files, what name is given to the eight horizontal rows?
Chess is played on a board of 64 squares arranged in eight vertical rows called files and eight horizontal rows called ranks.
#6. What name/job is given to a statistician employed by an insurance company to calculate risks?
An actuary is a business professional who deals with the measurement and management of risk and uncertainty. The name of the corresponding field is actuarial science. These risks can affect both sides of the balance sheet and require asset management, liability management, and valuation skills. Actuaries provide assessments of financial security systems, with a focus on their complexity, their mathematics, and their mechanisms. The profession has consistently been ranked as one of the most desirable. In various studies, being an actuary was ranked number one or two multiple times since 2010 and in the top 20 for most of the past decade.
#7. Standing on the river Torrens, which Australian city is named after William IV's Queen?
Queen Adelaide’s name is probably best remembered in the Australian state of South Australia, founded during the brief reign of William IV. In 1836, the capital city of Adelaide was named after her.
#8. Pigeons and hummingbirds have tiny magnetic particles in their heads that respond to the Earth's magnetic fields and are used for what?
Birds use Earth’s magnetic field as sort of a heads-up display to help them navigate the globe. The Earth’s magnetic field is a result of the movement or convection of liquid iron in the outer core. As the liquid metal in the outer core moves, it generates electric currents, which lead to a magnetic field.
#9. What are lime deposits growing up from the floor of a cave called?
A stalagmite is a type of rock formation that rises from the floor of a cave due to the accumulation of material deposited on the floor from ceiling drippings. Stalagmites are typically composed of calcium carbonate, but may consist of lava, mud, peat, pitch, sand, sinter and amberat. Stalactites hang downwards from the ceiling of caves
#10. The silkworm lives on a diet of leaves from the diverse species of deciduous trees commonly known as what?
The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar of a silk moth. It is an economically important insect, being a primary producer of silk. A silkworm’s preferred food are white mulberry leaves, though they may eat other mulberry species and even the osage orange.
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