#1. The name for what semi-precious stone comes from the Latin for "sea water"?
Aquamarine (from Latin: aqua marina, “sea water”) is a blue or cyan variety of beryl. It occurs at most localities which yield ordinary beryl.
#2. What is the name of the tool with screw point for boring holes in wood or ground?
An auger is a drilling device, or drill bit, used for making holes in wood or in the ground. It usually includes a rotating helical screw blade called a ‘flighting’ to act as a screw conveyor to remove the drilled out material. The rotation of the blade causes the material to move out of the hole being drilled.
#3. Which company created the first front wheel drive car in 1934?
In 1934, Citroën shook the world with the first mass-produced front wheel drive car – the famous Traction Avant.
#4. What programming language is named after a 17th century French mathematician?
Blaise Pascal, (19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, philosopher, writer and Catholic theologian. Pascal is an imperative and procedural programming language, designed by Niklaus Wirth as a small, efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring. It is named in honour of the French mathematician, philosopher and physicist Blaise Pascal.
#5. What essential ingredient of many expensive cosmetics is a foul smelling, waxy, tar-like substance extracted from the fleece of sheep?
Lanolin also called wool yolk, wool wax, or wool grease, is a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool-bearing animals. Lanolin used by humans comes from domestic sheep breeds that are raised specifically for their wool. Lanolin’s role in nature is to protect wool and skin from climate and the environment; it also plays a role in skin (integumental) hygiene. Lanolin and its derivatives are used in the protection, treatment and beautification of human skin.
#6. What product first produced in Germany had a formula that combined alcohol, lemon spirits, orange bitters and mint oil?
The original Eau de Cologne is a spirit-citrus perfume launched in Cologne in 1709 by Giovanni Maria Farina (1685–1766), an Italian perfume maker from Santa Maria Maggiore Valle Vigezzo. In 1708, Farina wrote to his brother Jean Baptiste: “I have found a fragrance that reminds me of an Italian spring morning, of mountain daffodils and orange blossoms after the rain”. He named his fragrance Eau de Cologne, in honour of his new hometown. His shop at Obenmarspforten opened in 1709 and is today the world’s oldest fragrance factory.
#7. Which name is shared by a Saint that killed a dragon and the middle name of author H.G. Wells?
The story goes that St George rode into Silene (modern day Libya) to free the city from a dragon who had a taste for humans, but it’s a story which post-dates the real George by several centuries. Images of George and the dragon survive from the 9th century – 500 years after his death. Originally these may simply have been representations of the battle between Good and Evil. But the story was developed and popularised in the Middle Ages in a compendium of stories about saints’ lives, The Golden Legend.
#8. What name is given to a ballet in which the women wear white tutus, such as the second and fourth acts of Swan Lake?
A ballet blanc is a scene in which the ballerina and the female corps de ballet all wear white dresses or tutus. Typical in the Romantic style of ballet from the nineteenth century, ballets blancs are usually populated by ghosts, dryads, naiads, enchanted maidens, fairies, and other supernatural creatures and spirits.
#9. In Indonesian cookery what name is given to meat kebabs served with a peanut sauce?
Popular throughout Southeast Asia and Indonesia, satay is strips of skewered, grilled meat eaten with a fragrant dipping sauce.
#10. Said to be history's greatest military evacuation, from which French port did 200,000 British troops flee on June 4th 1940?
British and other Allied troops wading through the water to board ships at Dunkirk, France, 1940. Between May 26 and June 4, 1940, some 340,000 Allied troops were evacuated from the French seaport of Dunkirk to England.
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