#1. The world's second-largest island, where do Birds Of Paradise come from?
New Guinea is the world’s second-largest island and, with an area of 785,753 km2 (303,381 sq mi), the largest island in the Southern Hemisphere. The birds-of-paradise are members of the family Paradisaeidae of the order Passeriformes. The majority of species are found in Papua New Guinea and eastern Australia. The family has 42 species in 15 genera. The members of this family are perhaps best known for the plumage of the males of the species (the majority) which are sexually dimorphic, in particular the very long elaborate feathers extending from the beak, wings, tail or head.
#2. Which annual sporting event attracts the most physically present spectators of any in the world, with around 10 million?
The Tour de France cycle race – the number of spectators at recent events is estimated to be 12 to 15 million. Many other cycle races and similar events will have huge number of spectators. This number is the aggregate number of spectators over the whole three week event, but still phenomenal numbers.
#3. What colour is the right hand corner square on a Chess board?
#4. Which musical term denotes that a piece is to be played 'sweetly'?
The Italian musical term “dolce” (“sweet; sweetly”) is an indication to play in a tender, adoring manner; to play sweetly with a light touch. By itself, dolce may indicate a slow, gentle tempo.
#5. Created in 1812 by a German geologist, the hardness of minerals is measured on what scale?
Mohs hardness, rough measure of the resistance of a smooth surface to scratching or abrasion, expressed in terms of a scale devised (1812) by the German mineralogist Friedrich Mohs. The Mohs hardness of a mineral is determined by observing whether its surface is scratched by a substance of known or defined hardness.
#6. Who was the first person to be awarded two Nobel prizes?
Marie was widowed in 1906, but continued the couple’s work and went on to become the first person ever to be awarded two Nobel Prizes. During World War I, Curie organized mobile X-ray teams. The Curies’ daughter, Irene, was also jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry alongside her husband, Frederic Joliot.
#7. In which sport are left handed people banned from playing?
Left-handed polo playing was initially banned back in the mid-1930s, due to safety reasons. With players often riding head-on towards each other in pursuit of the ball, if a right-handed player were to approach a left-handed player, at the dizzying speeds often reached within the sport, a dangerous head-on collision would be a real risk. Thus the use of the left hand to play the sport was banned, for the safety of both the rider and the horse. Using the right hand only allowed polo to follow the principles of driving a car on a two-way road, with everyone keeping to the same side, and the risk of collisions vastly reduced.
#8. On what mountain are four presidents' faces carved?
Mount Rushmore National Memorial is centered on a colossal sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore in the Black Hills in Keystone, South Dakota. Sculptor Gutzon Borglum created the sculpture’s design and oversaw the project’s execution from 1927 to 1941 with the help of his son, Lincoln Borglum.The sculpture features the 60-foot (18 m) heads of Presidents George Washington (1732–1799), Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919) and Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865), as recommended by Borglum. The four presidents were chosen to represent the nation’s birth, growth, development and preservation, respectively.
#9. What is the Roman god of the sea?
Neptune was the Roman god of water and the sea, and was very similar to the Ancient Greek god Poseidon. He had two brothers: Jupiter, the god of the sky and chief of the Roman gods, and Pluto, the Roman god of the dead. Neptune was often shown carrying a trident, a three-pronged spear used for catching fish.
#10. If you were to throw salt over your shoulder to “keep the devil away”, which shoulder would you throw the salt over?
It is widely talked about in folklore that spilling salt is bad luck and may bring the devil upon you. To remedy the situation, simply take a pinch of salt and use your right hand to throw it over your left shoulder. This will keep the devil away and prevent him from stealing your soul.
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