#1. Cupid has what name in Greek mythology?
Cupid is, quite literally, the child of the goddess of love, Venus. In Greek mythology, he is known as Eros, and, depending on the source, was thought to be a primordial god who came into the world either asexually, from an egg, or the son of Aphrodite (Venus’ Hellenistic counterpart).
#2. What ancient Roman festival does Valentine's’ Day’s roots stem from?
Lupercalia was an ancient, possibly pre-Roman pastoral annual festival, observed in the city of Rome from the 13th to the 15th of February to avert evil spirits and purify the city, releasing health and fertility. Lupercalia was also called dies Februatus, after the instruments of purification called februa, which gave February (Februarius) its name.
#3. True or False: The very first Valentine was written from prison.
British Library in London holds the oldest known surviving valentine, a poem composed in French in 1415 by Charles Duke of Orleans to his wife, which he sent while imprisoned in the Tower of London.
#4. Who came up with giving chocolate on Valentine's Day?
Richard Cadbury, scion of a British chocolate manufacturing family and responsible for sales at a crucial point in his company’s history. Cadbury had recently improved its chocolate making technique so as to extract pure cocoa butter from whole beans, producing a more palatable drinking chocolate than most Britons had ever tasted. This process resulted in an excess amount of cocoa butter, which Cadbury used to produce many more varieties of what was then called “eating chocolate.” Richard recognized a great marketing opportunity for the new chocolates and started selling them in beautifully decorated boxes that he himself designed. While Richard Cadbury didn’t actually patent the heart-shaped box, it’s widely believed that he was the first to produce one.
#5. How many U.S. states have a city named Valentine?
Four. Valentine, Arizona; Valentine, Nebraska; Valentine, Texas; Valentine, Virginia.
#6. What is the Record-Breaking Kissing Event called, that happened in the Philippines?
The event was a bid to claim the Guinness World Record for the Most Number of Simultaneously Kissing Couples, which first happened in 2014. Some 5,122 couples gathered on the Manila waterfront to pucker up for the challenge and to greet Valentine’s Day. As the clock struck midnight, lips joined for the 10 seconds necessary to beat the kissing record set by 4,445 couples last month in Santiago, Chile.
#7. During the Victorian Era, what were sent to suitors they don’t like?
Vinegar valentines were a type of cheeky postcard decorated with a caricature and insulting poem. A lampoon of Valentine’s Day cards, the unflattering novelty items enjoyed a century of popularity beginning in the 1840s during the Victorian era.
#8. What hormone is known as the “Cuddle” or “Love” hormone?
In the brain, oxytocin acts as a chemical messenger and has an important role in many human behaviours including sexual arousal, recognition, trust, romantic attachment and mother–infant bonding. As a result, oxytocin has been called the ‘love hormone’ or ‘cuddle chemical’.
#9. Who did Cupid fall in love with?
In Roman mythology, Cupid is the son of Venus, the goddess of love. In Greek mythology, he was known as Eros and was the son of Aphrodite. According to Roman mythology, Cupid fell madly in love with Psyche despite his mothers jealousy over Psyche’s beauty. While he married her, he also told her never to look at him. He visited her only at night. Her sisters convinced her to look at Cupid despite his warning. So she lit a lamp one night so she could see him. Cupid then left her.
#10. In what year is Saint Valentine of Rome said to have been martyred?
Saint Valentine known as Saint Valentine of Rome was a widely recognized 3rd-century Roman saint, commemorated in Christianity on February 14. From the High Middle Ages his Saints’ Day has been associated with a tradition of courtly love. He is also a patron saint of epilepsy. On February 14, around the year 270 A.D., Valentine, in Rome in the days of Emperor Claudius II, was executed.
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